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Butterfly Tour in Nepal

Butterfly Tour in NepalNepal houses excellent representation of butterflies found both in Oriental and Palaearctic realms. The total diversity of butterfly reported so far comprises about 650 species out of 20000 species found in the world. All these species are categorized under 11 families of the existing 15 families in the world. About 29 species and subspecies have been found endemic to the country.

Himalayan and Mountain species:
Butterflies have been found thriving at the maximum altitudinal level of 5500 meter in the Himalayas. Parnassius acdestis (Sikkim Banded Apollo), Aglais ladakensis (Ladak Tortoise Shell) and Pontia sherpae (Sherpa White) exist in such high level of altitude in the West Himalayas. Parnassius species (Apollo) are confined above 2700 meter of elevation stretching from east to the west Himalayas. Speciation has been found high among the Himalayan species.

Mid mountain region is the meeting point both for the Palaearctic and oriental species. Among the notable and rare species found in this part include Teinopalpus imperialis (Kaiser-E –Hind), Papilio krishna (Krishna Peacock) and many other interesting species.

Species Richness in Kathmandu:
The valley floor of Kathmandu and it’s surrounding mountains remarkable and display more than 360 species of butterflies of different status level. Teinopalpus imperialis, Papilio krishna, Diagora nicevillei, Troides aeacus etc. are the notable species found in Kathmandu. The southern part stretching from Godavari to the Phulchowki can be considered to be one of the most potential sites for the butterflies of Nepal.

Butterflies of Shivapuri National Park:
Shivapuri National Park is the next hot spot for the diversity of the butterflies concerned. Studies carried out in different periods revealed the existence of 102 species of butterflies in this Park. Rare species like Papilio krishna has been reported at an elevation of 2120 meter of Shivapuri Mountain.

Endangered species: (Based on Butterflies of Kathmandu Valley by Colin Smith and Bhaiya Khanal).
About 20 Kathmandu Valley Species have been listed in Nepal’s Red Data Book as Endangered or Vulnerable. Four very attractive butterflies of Kathmandu that are under this threat level include Teinopalpus imperialis, Meandrausa gyas, Papilio krishna and Euripus consimilis. Similarly Phaedyma aspasia Kathmandia is the endemic subspecies reported from Godavari, the southern Kathmandu. Species like Amblopala avadiena nepalica, is the next endemic subspecies reported from the Nagarjun forest of the northwest Kathmandu.

Butterfly Tour in NepalButterflies are found all over the world and in all types of environments: hot and cold, dry and moist, at sea level and high in the mountains. Most butterfly species, however, are found in tropical areas, especially tropical rainforests. Many butterflies migrate in order to avoid adverse environmental conditions (like cold weather). Butterfly migration is not well understood. Most migrate relatively short distances (like the Painted Lady, the Red Admiral, and the Common Buckeye), but a few (like some Monarchs) migrate thousands of miles.Butterflies and moth belong to the order Lepidoptera. Lepidos is Greek for "scales" and ptera means "wing". These scaled wings are different from the wings of any other insects. Lepidoptera is a very large group; there are more types of butterflies and moths than there are of any other type of insects except beetles. It is estimated that there are about 150,000 different species of butterflies and moths (there may be many more). There are about 28,000 butterfly species worldwide, the rest are moths.

Nepal, a tiny himalayan kingdom in the Indian subcontinent could also be said as the home to the varieties of butterfly as it is the house of 643 species of butterfly. Nepal being the diversified country with the topography starting from 47 masl to 8848 within the short distance of average 80 km has made this all avail. The great wealth of butterfly diversity in Nepal becomes apparent from its great bioclimatic variation from tropical and subtropical zone to the Tundra and the Arctic zone along the attitudinal gradation of the mountains.

Butterfly Tour in NepalAdventure Silk Road employees the guides who are knowledgeable on the butterfly species flying around the country. Our nature guides will escort you - a keen butterfly watcher or amateur enthusiast alike to search for these beautiful insects. You have the chance to enjoy not only the butterflies of the top Asian butterfly habitats, but also those further afield, as well as an opportunity to enjoy other wildlife in selective areas of Nepal.

Amongst 643 varieties of Butterfly, we have listed some of the names of the butterflies which are identified in Pokhara with their common names as: Least Grass Jewel, Common Brimstone, Tailed Jay, Common Bluebottle, Great Orange Tip, Purple Saphire Circe, Great Eggfly, Chocolate Albatross, Indian Fritillary, Indian Oakblue to name a few. For more list of butterflies with their generic names and the tour arrangements, kindly contact us.

March through to October are considered as the best time to have the butterfly tour. The tour normally is conducted in Langtang area, Annapurna Area and the Chitwan areas. The Tour Package normally comprises of: Butterfly Guide, Chauffer Driven Car, Accommodation, all meals, Permits and the Passes. Let us plan your butterfly tour in Nepal.

Insect Order Number of Species reported from Nepal Number of Genera described from Nepal collection Number of species described from Nepal

collection.Protura 4 - 3
Collembola (Springtails & Snow fleas) 125 2 56
Thysanoptera (Thrips) 25 - 6
Plecoptera (Stoneflies) 4 - 3
Mallophaga (Biting Lice) 10 - -
Psvoptera (Book lice and allies) 31 - 15
Ephemeroptera (May flies and allies) 26 - 12
Neuroptera (Alder flies and allies) 29 1 21
Isoptera (White Ants or Termites) 5 - -
Trichoptera (Caddis Flies and allies) 2 - 2
Siphunculata 1 - -
Siphonoptera (Fleas) 37 1 13
Phasmida (Stick and Leaf Insects) 2 - -
Dermaptera (Earwigs) 49 - 13
Orthoptera (Crickets and Grasshoppers) 31 1 9
Dchoptera (Cockroaches and Mantids) 8 1 2
Orthoptera (Dragon and Damsel flies) 147 1 2
Lepidoptera (Butterflies 656 1 11
and Moths) 789 8 11
Hemiptera (Bugs) 499 16 120
Hymenoptera (Bees and Wasps) 174 - 13
Coleoptera (Beetles) approx. 1,489 23 630
Diptera (True Flies) 909 6

For more details information about Butterfly Tour in Nepal please  Contact Us
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