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Butterflies Tour In Mongolia

Butterflies Tour In MongoliaButterflies are found all over the world and in all types of environments: hot and cold, dry and moist, at sea level and high in the mountains. Most butterfly species, however, are found in tropical areas, especially tropical rainforests. Many butterflies migrate in order to avoid adverse environmental conditions (like cold weather).

In opposite to such features in Europe maintains Mongolia, a country in the heart of central Asia, still intact ecosystems in all region. Mongolia is landlocked and a relatively unbroken area “between Siberia and China”, but on the same latitudes as parts of central Europe and northern United States. The Mongolian territory includes several natural zones like taiga forest, mountain forest steppe, steppe and desert. Mongolia "has a chance to avoid the mistakes of other countries by integrating nature conservation with sustainable development".

Butterflies Tour In MongoliaAn up to date inventory and on going detailed research of butterflies in Mongolia is extremely necessary. It has been about 100 years since scientists; the likes of Alpheraky(1889, 1897), Staudinger(1885), Grum-Grigmailo(1911) and Meinhard (1910) first came to Mongolia and researched butterflies and moths. Since that time scientists in Mongolia have cooperated with scientists from Hungary, Czechoslavakia, Germany and Russia. As a result of the work done by Forster (1965-1971), Moucha (1967,1968) and Alberti (1971) many articles and stories have been published.

In 1980 a joint Russian – Mongolian expedition actively researched insects for a year and developed a general outline of insects in Mongolia. They collected about 34,000 insects during this research: Their research material is the latest revised information that is currently being used.

Out of a total of 270 insects species and the 12,000 different varieties, moths make up 9.1% of all insects: with 30 different species containing 1000 different varieties (Tsendsuren 1989). In these findings there are several butterflies that are considered rare that can be found in Mongolia. Every year now many new varieties are being recorded which concurs with our findings that butterfly research in Mongolia still has a long way to go before a comprehensive database is completed.

But there are also some environmental problems in the country. In Mongolia, most damage in the steppe zone is caused by livestock grazing on grass cover, while in forests most damage is caused by the increase of fire frequency. Industrial forest harvest in Mongolia affects only small areas, but felling for local consumption is prevalent in some regions. Mongolia’s forest lands occur mainly in the northern part of the country. About 5 per cent of the country belong to the forest zone including the southern edge of the largest continuous forest system on earth, the Siberian taiga

We will guides who are knowledgeable on the butterfly species flying around the country. Our nature guides will escort you - a keen butterfly watcher or amateur enthusiast alike to search for these beautiful insects. You have the chance to enjoy not only the butterflies of the top Asian butterfly habitats, but also those further afield, as well as an opportunity to enjoy other wildlife in selective areas of Mongolia.
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