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Botanical Tour In Mongolia

Botanical Tour In MongoliaSince ancient times, the people of Mongolia have depended upon plants and plant products as a mainstay of everyday life. Mongolia is home to more than 2823 species of plants, representing a mixture of species from the northern taiga of Siberia, the steppe and the dessert of Central Asia. Mongolian territory is classified in 16 geographic zones by its plant distribution.

Mongolia has 845 species of medicinal plants, and 41 species belonging to 36 orders from 19 families of useful and medicinal plants were studied in Gun-Galuut NR in current situation. Mongolia has 128 species of rare plants registered in Mongolian Red Data Book , and 2 species studied in Gun-Galuut NR in current situation.

Botanical Tour In MongoliaOne country that offers ready access to a gradient between these two extremes in Mongolia. Covering 1.564 million square kilometers, Mongolia encompasses an area larger than Britain, France, Germany, and Italy combined. It is the seventh largest country in Asia and one of the largest land-locked. countries in the world.

The climate is distinctly continental with long, cold, dry winters and brief, mild, and relatively wet summers. Mid-winter, temperatures average -20 to -35ºC with extremes recorded as low as -58ºC. Summer temperatures in the Gobi desert may reach 40ºC. Annual precipitation ranges from 600 mm in the Khentii, Altai, and Khovsgol mountains to less than 100 mm in the Gobi. In some parts of the Gobi, no precipitation may fall for several years in a row. With 2.3 million inhabitants, its population density, 1.5 persons per square kilometer, is the lowest in Asia.

On the biodiversity side, more than 3000 species of vascular plants, 927 lichens, 437 mosses, 875 fungi, and numerous algae have been recorded with many more yet to be classified. Mongolia's flora includes almost 150 endemic plants and nearly 100 relict species. Over 100 plant species are listed in the Mongolian Red Book as rare or endangered. As with the flora, the fauna represent a mixture of species from the northern taiga of Siberia, the steppe, and the deserts of Central Asia. Fauna includes 136 species of mammals, 436 birds, 8 amphibians, 22 reptiles, 75 fish, and numerous invertebrates.

For more details information about Mongolia botanical tour, treks and expedition please do not hesitate to Contact Us
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