Places to Visit in MongoliaMongolian has much more than a 101 things to do but we have put together a list of we think are the coolest and best things to do while you are visiting us. You would of course sruggle to do them all in the short time you are likely to spend in Mongolia but you cannot experience eight hundred years worth of culture in two weeks. If you want to learn more about any of those challenges click on its name and you will be re-directed to a page with lots more information about that acitivity. If you have any suggestions of unusual and fun things to do in Mongolia please do contact us. Please click on the read more link below to see the list.
Mongolia is the country with the highest number of horses per capita. Mongolia was the first nation in the world to introduce paper money. In Mongolia, before the Communist purge of 1929-1937, there were more than 700 monasteries with more than 100,000 monks. After the Communist purge, no monks were left and only six temples remained undestroyed. The monks were killed, imprisoned, exiled, or forced to join the army or the laity.
In this section you will find various statistics and facts about Mongolia, some can be useful most is interesting. Things like population, voltage, capital city, climate etc... are all taken up in this list, it is still work in progress but we arw getting there. Click on the "read more" link to see the list.
Mongolia's history is extremely long; it spans over 5,000. "The Mongols has little inclination to ally with other nomadic peoples of northern Asia and, until the end of the 12th century, the Mongols were little more than a loose confederation of rival clans, It was in the late 12th century that a 20-year-old Mongol named Temujin emerged and managed to unite most of the Mongol tribes. In 1189 he was given the honorary name of Genghis Khan, meaning 'universal king'. No Mongolian leader before or since has united the Mongolians so effectively."
Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia, is the single hub for trips to any destinations within Mongolia. The city hosts the only international airport of the country and the single international rail line - the Trans Siberian railway goes across the city from the north to the south. Ulaanbaatar, where 1 million people out of Mongolia's 2.8 million population, is the country's economic, cultural and political center and has a number of tourist attractions and hosts the most varied types of entertainment. Ulaanbaatar is located on the bank of the Tuul River and surrounded by four sacred mountains with dense pine forests on the northern slopes and grassy steppes on the south.
Mostly described, as sunny, peaceful and open, Ulaanbaatar is a city of contrast where modern life comfortably blends with Mongolian traditional lifestyle. Wide streets are flocked by modern cars, while horsemen and cattle are still common scene. Though modern style buildings characterize the city center, visitors arriving either from the Buyant-Uhaa airport or by train to the main railway would not fail to notice thousands of traditional Mongolian "Gers" in the vicinity, an area referred to by locals as "ger district".
Gandan is the largest and most significant monastery in Mongolia and one of Ulaanbaatar 's most interesting sights. Built in the mid 19th century, it is the only monastery where Buddhist services continued to function even during the communist past. Temples are flocked by visitors during religious services that start at 10 a.m. and last until mid day.
The Migjid Janraisig Temple is an important part of Gandan Monastery. The temple houses the majestic new gilded statue of Migjid Janraisig, decorated with jewels. This 26 meter high 20 ton statue is a copy of another statue that was destroyed in the 1920's by communists. The statue was built with donations of Mongolian people as symbol of Buddhist revival in the mid 1990's.
Natural History Museum
This is one of the oldest museums which was founded in 1924 as the National Central Museum. In 1956 it was renamed the State Central Museum and in 1997 it became the Museum of Natural History, Today there are departments of Geography, Geology, Flora and Fauna, and Paleontology in the museum. Displays of stuffed and embalmed animals including the rare Gobi bear and wild camel, birds and fish will give you a good idea about the rich fauna of Mongolia . Most impressive is the Paleontology section. There are petrified eggs and bones of many dinosaurs that lived in the Gobi desert 60-70 million years ago and two complete skeletons of the flesh-eating giant Tarbosaurus and ihe duck-billed Saurolophus. Petrified bones of 5 kinds of dinosaurs out of 7 that are known today have been discovered in Mongolia. The museum also has samples of various minerals that are found in the country.
Museum of National History
Set up recently, the museum occupies the building of the former Museum of Revolution . The museum offers the richest collection on the history of Mongolia , from Stone Age to modern times. It allows retrospect the unique culture of the horse riding steppe nomads and their lifestyle. The exhibition contains many artifacts and arts, military equipment and arms of Genghis Khan Warriors. Outside the museum, the large modern sculpture is a memorial for the victims of the 1930s political repression. Also collection included Traditional Mongolian customs & jewelers.
The Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum
The Zanabazar Fine Arts Museum is a full collection of art works by artists, sculptors and painters of Mongolia all generation from the ancient era to the modern time. The museum houses a number of rock inscriptions, graphic arts, Buddhist tankas, embroideries, unique Tsam dancing costumes. The most valuable and beautiful exhibits include works of Zanabazar, the great sculptor and artist of the 17th century, who is also the first theocratic ruler of Mongolia.
Bogd Khan Palace Museum
Built between 1893 and 1903, the Winter Palace of Bogdo Khan was the home of Mongolia 's last king Javzan Damba Hutagt VIII. This complex of temples and houses contain a number of Buddhist artworks and the private collection of Javnzan Damba Hutagt composed of gifts of rulers and kings from all over the world. Situated half way to Zaisan hill to the south of the city center.
Choijin Lama Monastery
The Choijin Lama Temple , built in 1904-1908 is a classic example of the traditional Buddhist architecture. This was the home of Luvsan Haidav Choijin Lama, brother of Bogd Khaan and a prominent lama. The museum is famous for its collection of Buddhist art works, original silk icons and tsam dancing masks.
This tall landmark in front of the city offers the best views of Ulaanbaatar and the surrounding nature. The large monuments on the top of the hill were erected for the memory of soldiers died in the World War II.
This is the main square in the heart of Ulaanbaatar . A large statue of Sukhbaatar, the famous patriot characterizes the square, and the square is named after this historic figure. Such important buildings as the Parliament House, Stock Exchange, the Drama Theater and Cultural Palace are located surrounding the square.
Shopping in Ulaanbaatar
There are many uniquely Mongolian artifacts can buy in Ulaanbaatar. Perhaps the most popular product with tourists is the high quality cashmere made here. You can buy from the factory shops, the department store and various museum shops. Camel hair is wonderfully warm and thicker than cashmere and is left its natural tan color. It is slightly cheaper than cashmere and makes beautiful waistcoats and jackets.
There are different versions of the traditional ‘deel' which is made from multicolored silks, cotton and velvet: summer, autumn and winter ones (according to material and lining) ‘ a party deel' which is more fitted and ornate and there is also the ‘dan' which is totally fitted, sleeveless and is either full length or half length. There are deels in the Department Store.
Traditional hats (summer and winter), children clothes, boots (felt or leather with patterned leather appliqué and stitching), snuff bottles and their embroidered pouches and games using sheep's anklebones "shagai" can also be bought from the Department Store.
Jewelry and silverwork in particular, are very fine and you can buy traditional designs at the State Jewelry Store. If you are into horses you can buy a wooden decorated saddle with intricate silverwork or bridle.
Traditional Mongolian art is very evocative of its unique culture and you can buy various sizes of paintings on paper, canvas or wood as well as Buddhist Tankas on silk. Buy from museum shops, large hotel shops and art shops. For Buddhist paraphernalia visit Gandan Monastery and the shops there.
Destinations out of Ulaanbaatar
Terelj National Park
Terelj National Park is the most popular destination and the third biggest protected area in Mongolia . Visitors can take leisurely strolls on meadows carpeted with edelweiss and a dazzling variety of other wild flowers, view fascinating rock formations against a backdrop of pine covered mountains and wander along the wooded banks of a mountain stream. The park is located 80 km away from Ulaanbaatar and is one of the most beautiful places in Mongolia . There are also a huge number of adventure activities such as rafting, riding, hiking, skiing, camping and mountain biking.
Bogd Khan Mountain National Park
One of the two most popular short trip destinations out of Ulaanbaatar is Bogd Khan National Park. Lying in the south of Ulaanbaatar, Bogd Khan Mountain has been the most ancient national park of the country since 300 years ago.
The Bogd Khan contains sacred mountains and rock carvings, over 300 plant varieties, animals such as boar, fox, hare, wolf, squirrel, eagles and woodpeckers, plus a deer farm. You can also visit the Manzushir Khid 18th century monastery in the southern reserve. The Monastery overlooks a beautiful valley of streams and pine, birch trees, dotted with granite boulders. Established in 1733, it had over 20 temples and was once home to at least 300 monks. There are ample opportunities to explore the nomad's lifestyle and sample airag, the fermented mare's milk that is the traditional nomad beverage. This place is also ideal for trekking, hiking and horse riding.
Hustai National Park
The 90,000 hectare Hustain Huruu National Park, set 60 miles southwest of Ulaanbaatar, is home to the world's only naturally surviving wild horse. The Przewalski horse (or takhi in Mongolian) has been successfully reintroduced into the wild and has a light yellow coat and a short, stiff black mane. Each horse is approximately 250cm long, 146cm tall and weighs on average 300kg.
Hustai has unique landscape that features mountain steppe and steppe, also there are sand dunes representing Gobi of Mongolia and River wetlands. National park has 450 species of vascular plants, 200 of which are medicinal.
On the territory of Hustai National Park and it is butter zone there are many historical there are many historical monument ensemble of Ungut- famous with it is large number of man like figures, which belongs to 6-8 th century AD and many other sepultures, rectangular tombs and the ruin of old monastery.
Places and Attractions to visit Central Mongolia
Waterfall Ulaan Tsutgalan (Orkhon)
It is a waterfall on the Ulaan River cascades from an impressive height of 20 meters, and it extends for 100 meters from the Orkhon River. The Orkhon River flows through basalt rocks from the Gyatruu range to Karakorum soum. The waterfall is a great spot for bird watching and fishing. You can also visit a local horsemen family. There we have an opportunity to experience their way of life, their culture and traditions
Karakorum and Erdene zuu monastery
The sites of this ancient capital of Mongolia Karakorum ( spelled also Kharkhorin) and the Erdenezuu monastery with their 108 stupas are undoubtedly at great interest to travelers. Located 370 km away from Ulaanbaatar Elevation is 1600 meters above sea level.
Genghis Khan's fabled city was founded in 1220 in the Orkhon valley, at the crossroads of the Silk Road . Building was completed by his son, Ogedei Khan, after Genghis' death, but Karakorum served as the capital for only 40 years before Kublai Khan moved it to what is now Beijing . Following the move, and the subsequent collapse of the Mongolian empire, Karakorum was abandoned and then later destroyed by hordes of Manchurian soldiers.
The symbolic ruins of Karakorum monumental walls (400 m of length) with 108 stupas, surround the first Buddhist monastery in Mongolia Erdenezuu Monastery, built in 1586. In 1792, it housed 62 temples and 10,000 lamas; which itself was badly destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. After democratic movement in 1990, it has become an active monastery again. Turtles carved from the stone marked the boundaries of the complex. Today it retains much of its former glory. Enclosed in an immense walled compound, the 3 temples within are dedicated to the 3 stages of Buddha's life: as a child, adolescent and adult. The main, central temple is called the Zuu of Buddha and has statues of Buddha as a child. Outside the monastery walls are 2 'turtle rocks'. Four of these once marked the boundaries of ancient Karakorum.
On the peak of the Undur shireet with 2312 meters high, this locates in boundary of Arkhangai and Uvurkhangai aimags. It was erected by Zanabazar (1 st Bogd Gegen in Mongolia) in 1654 on the smooth grand of the south slope of steep rock with 20 meters high has 14 small temples. He created his famous script "Soyombo" there in 1680. This creation of the temple has enjoyed state protection since 1998 and was registered by UNESCO in the world heritage by grading "The most wonderful valuable object" in 1996.
Ugii Lake is 1.337 meters above the sea level in Ugii soum in Arkhangai aimag. It covered 25 square kilometers, and is known for its reach bird and fish diversity. The fish population is represented by pike, catfish, barscharten, which are the most common types providing enough fish for industrial fishing. Fifty to eighty tons are caught annually. Among the birds, it is not rare to spot at Swan Goose, White Spoonbill and Dalmatian Pelican.
Khugnu Khan Mountain National Park
Just in the border area of Bulgan, Ovorkhangai and Tuv provinces is the Khugnu Khan Mountains. This is a picturesque area with mountains, forests, steppes, Gobi-type desert and mineral water sources all in one location.(called also Elsen tasarkhai)
Khugnu Tarny Monastery has two parts, an upper and a lower part. What is of interest is that the monastery belongs to three different times of Buddhism in Mongolia-ancient, middle and late. Prince Bishrelt of the former Tusheet Khan Aimag founded the monastery at the beginning of the 17th century. Next time Zanabazar dedicated to this Monastery to one of his teachers, Erdenetsorj. It was built in 1670-1680 It was destroyed during the war of Galdan Boshigt, a fighter opposed to Manchurian domination of Mongolia . Last time after democratic movement in 1990 restoration the temples led by the Granddaughter of the monks who was living at the monastery when it was destroyed.
Khorgo Terkhiin Tsagaan Nuur National Park
Khorgo extinct volcano (spelled also Horgo) It was established to project the spectacular mountain scenery and endangered species of flora & fauna. It's surrounded by the Khangai Mountains, which reach as 3000 meters above the sea level. Over comparatively small area here there are a dozen or so extinct volcanoes. In the craters some of them are very tiny crystal- clears lakes.
The Khorgo crater, situated at an altitude of 2.210 meters with a diameter of 20 meters and depth of 70 to 80 meters, is the most interesting at all. There is no lake in this crater, but clouds of steam jet out it is crevices forming ice moulds in winter , which from a distance look like large flocks of sheep scattered on the mountain. Near the crater there are dozens of small caverns with stalactites hanging from their ceiling and walls.
Some time in past volcanic lava flooded the valleys nearby which are covered today with small woods and a great variety of berries and flowers. In the woods there are lots of deer, wild goat and other animals, as well as various kinds of birds.
Terkhiin Tsagaan Lake. An immense mass of white-hot lava once blocked the bed of the River Terkh and it is water formed Lake Terkhiin Tsagaan, which is 16 kilometers in length, 20 meters in depth, and 61 square kilometers in this area. It is situated at an altitude of 2.060 meters. River Suman, cascading from the lake in stormy torrents, pierced through the rocks to form a canyon and several small lakes. The waters of the river are so turbulent that they do not freeze in the severest winter frosts. In the middle of the lake there is volcanic Island is covered with nests made of the fragrant grass Sam khan. Here all day long you hear the hum and cries of birds and the quacking of ruddy shell duck and many types of ducks sand geese &. Red deer , Siberian deer, wild bear, Great Cormorant is common in summer, nesting around the lake.
Visit a nomad family
Mongolia is one of the few nomad countries in the world. Since the Hunnu Empire Mongolians raising their five domestic animals (it is including sheep, horse, cow, camel, and goat) in the broad region of forest, steppe and Gobi desert. Especially they respect their horses. Mongolians see their horse is their best friend.
Mongolian nomadic people move into place to place 2-4 times a year as well as it is depending on livestock's pasture. Mongolian nomad people always following their livestock. Because livestock knows where is the best pasture? Herders live in Mongolian traditional dwelling (covered felt) Ger.
Northern MongoliaHuvsgul aimag (province)
Huvsgul aimag has at its jewel the vast lake of Huvsgul , one of the World's largest lakes, big enough to the regarded as an inland sea- yet of pure fresh water. The western and eastern parts of the aimag are mountainous, and the aimag is mostly covered with forests there is a huge phosphate deposit, the largest in Asia , but with severe environmental constraints on development. There are large lakes such as Huvsgul, Sangiin Dalai and Dood also large rivers such as Selenge and Delger. The aimag is rich in rare animal & plants.
Lake Huvsgul "The Dark Blue Pearl "
Huvsgul Lake is known as Dark Blue Pearl among beautiful mountains. This is the perfect place to have vacation, kayaking, canoeing, hiking and trekking. Lake Huvsgul is Mongolia 's largest and deepest lake. Located in the northernmost province, it is the largest tributary stream of Lake Baikal in Russia . 96 rivers and streams flow out of Huvsgul, among them the Egiin River , which then joins the Selenge along its eventual path to Lake Baikal Lake Huvsgul is 136 km long, water beneath 100 meters & 36 km wide, 262 meters deep and is located at an altitude of 1645 m above sea level. Taiga Fauna and Flora, Tsaatan, practicing reindeer breeding are the main attractions for tourist. Fishing and sport fishing are becoming popular in the lake area. Lake Huvsgul is on the important migration route for birds from Siberia , thus facilitating marvelous opportunities for bird watching.
Tsaatan nomad family
The reindeer people live in the North West regions of Huvsgul, which is pretty much like a taiga. Mountains are 3000 meters above the sea level; region has rocks thick grown forests. Herding places are rare and summer is short. However deer and yaks are suitable in the part of the land. Mongolian people called the Reindeer people -Tsaatan people. They are lived in Western and Eastern taiga. Nowadays 14 families are living in the western taiga and 18 families are living in the eastern taiga. The reindeer people move about 6-8 times a year. They use about 5-6 reindeer for transportation and the distance is 150-250km.
Also there are shaman mostly tourists want to see them but they not like to see shaman. Because one chosen day they wear their religious customs, clothes like all kinds of metal objects were attached. Often they added so much weight to the custom that someone had to help the shaman to dress. Despite this, the shamans took great leaps and defied laws of gravity whilst under the trance. There are 2 kinds of shamans male (Zairan ) and female (Udgan). Female shaman is more powerful than male shaman.
Extinct Volcano of Uran Uul
This extinct volcano lies near the road, and stretches from Bulgan town to Moron, administrative city of Huvsgul province for 80 kilometers northwest of Bulgan town through the territory of Kutag- Undur Soum.
The reserve occupies a territory of 8 square kilometers with an elevation of 1,686 meters above sea level. It has been protected since 1965, and today enjoys the statue of " Natural Monument ". On the top of the extinct volcano is crater, 500 to 600 meters wide and 50 meters deep, filled with a small "crater lake" about 20 meters in diameter. There are green woods in the center of the Crater Lake. It is a really fascinating mountain. Red deer, Argali, Wild boar, Siberian Ibex, ruddy Shelduck, and duck are found in this area.
The Amarbayasgalant Monastery is located 360 km north of Ulaanbaatar is one of the favorite destinations for visitors. It can be reached by jeep or by a combination of local train and motor vehicle ride. Built in 1727-1736, the Monastery was the second most important in Mongolia after Erdene Zuu Monastery in Karakorum.
The Monastery established in 1727-1736 dedicated for Mongolian Religious First Bogd Gegeen. There were 27 kinds of big and small temples. According to the Mongolian History in 17th -19th century Amarbayasgalant was a Mongolian greatest pilgrimage Buddhist Center . There were about one thousand lamas living chanted, studied in this Monastery. According to the history Amarbayasgalant was sacked during the repressions of in1930-1940.
In 1996 it was nominated by UNESCO as a Heritage Site. After 65 years monks organized "Tsam" Religious dance first time in Amarbayasgalant Monastery in 2002.
Mongolian South Gobi
The Mongolian government established the Great Gobi National Park in 1975 and the UNESCO designated as the Great Gobi as the fourth largest Biosphere Reserve in the world in 1991. Mongolians consider that there are 33 different Gobi , where sandy desert occupies only 3 percent of the total territory. The area is often imagined as a lifeless desert like in many other parts of the world. Gobi Desert is a land of dinosaurs and it is the home for camel breeders rich with wildlife and vegetation. Dinosaur skeletons and their petrified eggs have been preserved here to the present day. Wild asses, camels, snow leopards, mountain sheep and gazelles flourish here, as do different types of flora.
Eagle valley ( Yol Am )
Gurvansaikhan Mountains are three rocky hills, the highest of which is 2815meter above the sea level. The eagle valley a protected site in 1965, is 62 kilometers north-west of Dalanzadgad, in the centre of South Gobi aimag very wide entrance, it narrows gradually into a remarkable gorge. A spring two or three kilometers long winds its way through the defile and in July, freezing into a thick corridor of ice that stretches along a considerable distance. Following the canyon to the high rock walls has breathtaking dramatic scenery, and no doubt is one of the most beautiful places in the country.
Khongor Sand Dine (Khongoryn Els)
This is a Mongolian largest sand dune reaching a height of 800 meter in some highest areas. The sand dunes in Sevrei sum, South Gobi aimag, are called Khongoryn Els. These dunes are 20 km wide and 100 km long. The Khongoryn River flows along the sand dunes and gives birth to oases. The sand dune change the color with each hour of one day, from yellow to silver to rise colored at dawn / sundown. This dune is considered one of the biggest dunes with it is length of 180 km and width of 3-5 km. The dunes make sound like plane engine in a windy day so it has been named as "Singing Dunes".
Bayanzag / Rich Saxaul
One of the famous places is Bayanzag, bottom of Ancient Sea which excited 60-70 million years ago where a lot of Palentological findings have been discovered.
The place is known as Flaming Cliffs so named by Roy Andrew Chapman American explorer, who had visited Mongolia in 1920. During the 2 years he searched through the Mongolian Gobi Desert & he found dinosaur fossils from Bayanzag, Nemekht. He brought his palentological findings on 70 camels. Chapman presented Mongolia one large skeleton on show in the Ulaanbaatar Natural History Museum. He found 10 kinds of dinosaurs 8 were found from Mongolia .
Also South Gobi has an oasis and most beautiful mountains Nemegt, Altan mountains and wide steppes and valleys with exotic wild animals like Asian wild ass, black tailed gazelle, and steppe wolf. The Gobi bears which very rare animal can be seen in this area. This is one most beautiful place among the 33 Gobies of Mongolia where travelers can see pre-historical rock paintings, caves where monks have made meditations and ruins of ancient temples and villages.
Baga Gazariin Chuluu
The 1751-meter high granite stone mountains in the territory of Adaatsag soum, Dundgobi aimag /Middle Gobi province/, is another place with unique scenery that many tourists compare with lunar scenes. The mountain contains remains of old temples. They are not only rich in minerals, crystals but also eyes spring, old stone temple ruins related with 17 th century.
It is a ruin of big monastery of BariYonzon Khamba on the bank of the Ongiin River. This monastery has 28 temples and other buildings on the south slope of the Rocky Mountain like Balsa country and stupas haven't broken. This monastery had about 1000 lamas. Which itself was badly destroyed during the Stalinist purges in 1930s. All the temples were destroyed by Stalin's thugs. Since 1994 people rebuilt one Temple. Now there are 10 lamas studying.
Mongolia has 2 humped Bactrian camels it is a domesticated animal of herders. Its wool coat, which is shed in the summer, acts as an insulator in the winter. There are more than 250,000 camels in Mongolia . Usually South Gobi , Middle Gobi, Gobi-Altai, Bayankhongor provinces. South Gobi province has a first place in Mongolian for the number of camels. Camel is almost an exclusive means of transportation across the Gobi desert and vast steppe. An adult male camel can give up to 18 kg of wool per year. Unlike other livestock, a camel can continuously travel for 30 days without drinking a drop of water.
Eastern MongoliaKhan Khentii Mountain National Park
This is the native land of Genghis Khan and contains many important historical and cultural sites. The park is landscape of transition from Siberian taiga forest to grass steppe.
Khan Khentii Mountain National Park is one of the Mongolian natural and historical treasures, declared by UNESCO as world heritage site. Khan Khentii is covered with forests, taiga, and mountain forest steppe. It is the land described in The Secret History of Mongols, a literary monument of the nation, and is a protected area located northeast of the capital city.
Oglogchiin Kherem (Oglogch Wall)
Oglogch Wall is located at the base of Daichin Mountain, 45km southwest of Batshireet soum. The wall, 3km in length, is made entirely of stones without the use of mortar. When Russian archeologist S.Kondratiev explored the site in 1926, the wall was 2.5-4.5 meters in height. Today it stands 3.1 meters tall at its highest point.
Last summer, Mongolian-American joint expedition team "Genghis Khan" discovered approximately 60 tombs near the wall. The archeologists believe that Oglochiin Kherem may be a burial place of great Mongolian figures, such as Genghis or Kublai Khan
The Kherlen is one of the three famous rivers which rise in the Khentii mountain Range, and it flows for 1.264 kilometers to drain into Lake of Dalai Nuur in China . There are many kinds of fishes and birds such as geese, duck, Amur Catfish, Umber, Taimen, Lenok, Amur Chub, Mirror Carp, Golden Carp, & Amur Ide... etc. An honorary monument at Khodoo Aral near the Kherlen River was dedicated to Genghis Khan. Historians write that the khan came to power at Khodoo Aral, an area from which he later emerged to unite the nomadic tribes of Mongolia . Ogoodei Khan and Munkh Khan were later enthroned at Khodoo Aral.
Deluun boldog, Birthplace of Genghis khan
For his 800th birthday, a statue of Genghis Khan was erected in 1962 at Deluun Boldog; a place believed to be the great khan's birthplace, close to what is today Dadal soum, an attractive wooded area in North-west Khentii region.
The area contains trails and lakes for visitors as well as monuments where you can learn why this fierce warrior and great leader is still revered today. Dadal Sum once housed one of three great lamaist temples consecrated to Genghis Khan, but which was razed in the 1930s. Now there are stone monuments to him erected in the surrounding beauty of the Mongolian countryside.
The remains of Bereeven Monastery are located in the depression of the Bereeven Mountains .
The monastery was made of granite stone in 1777. The God of "Manzushir" with 3 meters high and 2 meters wide was crafted on the steep and reddish, granite stone is to the south east of the monastery. The main worship hall was built in 1813. It had 32 columns and 3 stairs, which called "Utai gumben" but it has broken beside the wall. Last a few years American builder rebuilt it. The monastery at one time was home to 8,000 lamas. It was the religious center of the eastern Khalkh Mongols. The buildings were mainly constructed of stone and wood because of its location near the forests. No detailed studies on Bereeven Monastery exist.
It was mentioned that Temuujin (Genghis khan's childhood name) moved to in the Khukh Lake ( Blue Lake ) of Kar Zurkh (Black heart) of Sengur which exists Khurelkh. Khar Zurkh is a point topped mountain with forest in its shady side and no trees in its front slope. The stone of Ger. ruin with diameter of 15 meters is on the south side of this lake. It would be ruin of the Palace where Genghis Khan was was entitled as a Khan of Mongols in 1189 . The land around the lake is a region as a taiga forest zone and vast depression surrounding mountain ranges.
Dornod Mongolia steppe
Thankfully, authorities have been convinced that the area's fragile environment and endangered fauna and flora need to be conserved. Dornod is currently the base of a multi-million dollar environmental protection project, which is researching everything from fires to field mice in an attempt to protect one of the world's last undisturbed grasslands. Three large Strictly Protected Areas (SPA) were established in the aimag in 1992:
Dornod Mongol (570,374 hectares). Holds one of the last great plain ecosystems on earth, protecting seas of feather grass steppe and 70% of Mongolia 's white-tailed gazelle, which roam in herds of up to 20,000.
Nomrog (311,205 hectares). An unpopulated area, which contains rare species of moose, cranes, otter and bears. Ecologically distinct from the rest of Mongolia , the area takes in the transition zone from the Eastern Mongolian steppe to the mountains and forest of Manchuria . It is proposed that the park expand eastwards.
Mongol Daguur (103,016 hectares). The reserve is divided into two parts; the northern half is hill steppe and wetland bordering on Russia 's Tarij Nuur and Daurski Reserve, protecting endemic species like the Daurian hedgehog; the southern area along the Uuiz Gol protects white-naped crane (tsen togoruu) and other endangered birds. The area is part of a one-million hectare international reserve, linking the Siberian taiga with the Inner Asian steppe.
Western MongoliaUvs Lake
Uvs Lake is largest lake in Mongolia . It is 743 meters above the sea level, 80kilometers wide and 80 kilometers long, covering 3.350 square kilometers with clear but brackish water -a land- locked Inland Sea . The Nariin, Sagil, Borshoo and Khundlen rivers enter, but none drains out. It is magnet for birds; over 220 species are recorded, including Osprey, white tailed Eagle, and Black Stork. Over 100 pairs of Spoonbill nest in the vicinity, also Great White Hero.
It is a one of the Mongolian largest lakes, covering 1.406 square kilometers. It is 75 kilometers long, 31 kilometers wide and 80 meters deep. The lake surface is at 1.028 meters above the sea level. The water is brackish. And has rare fish such as Mongolian Grayling.
Bayan Ulgii aimag was established in 1940. Bayan-Ulgii is Mongolia 's "Roof of the World", a remote land of high mountains, even glaciers, steep slopes and rushing torrents. It is the western most aimag in Mongolia. It is very different than the rest of the country however. Unlike the rest of Mongolia the main population in this aimag is Kazakh. Thus the speech, religion, and customs of the people are very different. Bayan Ulgii covers an area of 45,700 square kilometers, and has a population of 91,068 (as of 2000). The highest mountain in Mongolia Huiten Uul (4374 m) is located in this aimag, in the north, on the border with China.
Lake Khar Us ( Black Water Lake)
Khar us is a lake in Umnugobi soum, 1.597 meters above the sea level. The water is a brackish, and replenished by water from the Orlogo River which rises from the eternal snows of the mountain of Kharkhiraa.
Altai Tavan Bogd National park
Mongol Altai Mountain range is one of the three main mountain ranges in Mongolia and the highest peaks in Mongolia are all situated in this range. Range continued more than 900 kilometers. Altai Tavan Bogd and Tsambagarav Mountains are the highest peaks of the West Altai mountain chain. Huiten peak in Altai Tavan Bogd is the highest point of Mongolia. Mount Altai Tavan Bogd is located near the northwestern border of Mongolia . Glacier and ice are permanent in the high altitude areas of Tavan Bogd the peak of Mountain Munh Khairhan is 4326 meter above the sea level. Altai Tavan Bogd protected site in 1996.
Eagle Hunting Festivals
One of the oldest, most revered and amazing holiday for kazakh people, passed down from generation to generation, is hunting with trained eagles. It exhibits the real boast of the Kazakhs. They annually hold an exceptional feast called the Eagle Hunting Festival in the extreme area of the majestic Altai Mountains , among the river glaciers and picturesque landscape in Bayan-Ulgii province. (October)